Working Papers

A Practical Policy Model of the Small Open Economy, with Applications

Very small economies may achieve high levels of development, as evidenced by Iceland and Mauritius, notwithstanding the facts of their high import dependence, limited capacity for export diversification, open financial markets and susceptibility to external shocks. This paper explains how unorthodox fiscal and monetary policies may be employed to ensure stability and maintain competitiveness and growth in the face of oil price shocks, the impact of natural disasters, capital flight and contraction in foreign investment, in countries characterised by this economic structure.

Development Performance and Economic Policy in Guyana, 1990-2021

This chapter evaluates Guyana's economic performance since 1990, using the UNDP's Human Development Index. The confident expectations for Guyana's resource-rich economy in the 1970s were defeated by a failed experiment in state control which caused a major regression in economic development in the 1980s. By 1990 Guyana had fallen behind the rest of the Caribbean - Haiti excepted - in the HDI rankings. By that date, however, the last of the controls that had strangled production were being dismantled.

Global Interdependence Center Sixth Annual Debt Restructuring Conference

The priority should be to conclude debt restructurings swiftly and to clear paths for the global transfers from rich to poor countries that must take place if the world is to have any chance of reversing global warming and the climatic changes that are an existential threat. The existing restructuring frameworks are adequate for countries above the median score of the Human Development Index (HDI), but the outstanding debt of countries below the median should be written down by a trust fund financed by donations from rich countries.